Friday, January 11, 2008
LET'S CONNECT SOME DOTS
Mont Pelerin Society
The Mont Pelerin Society was created on 10 April 1947 at a conference organized by Friedrich Hayek. Originally, it was to be named the Acton-Tocqueville Society. After Frank Knight protested against naming the group after two “Roman Catholic aristocrats” and Ludwig von Mises expressed concern that the mistakes made by Acton and Tocqueville would be connected with the society, the name of the Swiss resort where it convened was used instead.
In 1947, 39 scholars, mostly economists, with some historians and philosophers, were invited by Professor Friedrich Hayek to meet at Mont Pelerin, Switzerland, and discuss the state, and possible fate of classical liberalism and to combat the “state ascendancy and Marxist or Keynesian planning [that was] sweeping the globe”. Invitees included Henry Simons (who would later train Milton Friedman, a future president of the society, at the University of Chicago); the American former-Fabian socialist Walter Lippmann; Viennese Aristotelian Society leader Karl Popper; fellow Austrian School economist Ludwig von Mises; Sir John Clapham, a senior official of the Bank of England who from 1940–6 was the president of the British Royal Society; Otto von Habsburg, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne; and Max von Thurn und Taxis, Bavaria-based head of the 400-year-old Venetian Thurn und Taxis family.
The resulting Mont Pelerin Society aimed to “facilitate an exchange of ideas between like-minded scholars in the hope of strengthening the principles and practice of a free society and to study the workings, virtues, and defects of market-oriented economic systems.”
The Society has continued to meet on a regular basis, usually in September. The current president of the Society is Greg Lindsay.
It has close ties to the network of think tanks sponsored in part by the Atlas Economic Research Foundation.
The list of original participants is included in the Wiki article and includes Salvador de Madariaga, Spanish diplomat and writer. The Board of Directors is listed and includes Leonard Liggio, Vice President. Familiar names to Austrian economists.
Salvador de Madariaga
(July 23, 1886 A Coruña, Spain - December 14, 1978 Locarno, Switzerland) was a Spanish diplomat, writer, historian and pacifist. He was the father of Nieves Mathews and professor/historian Dr. Isabel de Madariaga. He was the grandfather of Javier Solana. ...
In his writing career he wrote books about Don Quixote, Christopher Columbus and the history of Latin America. He militated in favour of a united and integrated Europe...In 1976 he returned to Spain after the death of Franco. The Madariaga European Foundation has been named after him, promoting his vision of a united Europe making for a more peaceful world.
President of the Madariaga European Foundation, Secretary General of the Council of European Union and High Representative for the European Common Foreign and Security Policy
Wikipedia claims Solana was the great nephew of Madariaga. Constance Cumbey says he was Solana's grandfather.
Constance Cumbey has investigated Madariaga's background and posted it online here. She writes:
That de Madariaga was tempted and succumbed to the lures of occultism and its circles appears equally certain. That he supported world government and hated the USA for blocking same is a certainty. That he worked the left and right with near equal dexterity is most apparent. Regarding Spain's Civil War factions, Madariaga liked to describe himself as “equally distant from both sides.”
Madariaga was once amused to see his name on a list of Catholics teaching at England's Oxford University. He wrote sarcastically that he was so very happy that they could determine what he had never been able to determine for himself.
Indeed, it is difficult to determine where Madariaga sorted out on almost any issue. He was an apparent complex man of many seeming contradictions that make sense only if one understands, using New Age vernacular, a “third way” mentality. Madariaga denied being Jewish, but his writings express some sympathy for Europe's Jewish population and contempt for Nazi persecutors. He was accused of being Catholic, but his unwillingness to allow either of his two daughters, Nieves (Solana's mother) and Isabella to be baptized belies that theory....
One thing is most certain. Salvador de Madariaga was a proponent of a new world religion.
The next screen tells of Madariaga's involvement in the war in the Balkans. From an online Javier Solana speech she quotes him as saying "he had been given exclusive authority to make the military decisions over Yugoslavia, including whether to bomb or not" claiming that "the power is mine and mine alone." She further gives President Clinton's claim that "I agree with Javier Solana's decision to do this."
At a future date Senator Spencer Abraham told her that "he and all the other United States senators had been flown to Brussels, Belgium to meet Javier Solana."
The Madariaga European Foundation promotes conflict resolution efforts. Among its Previous Projects is one focused on "Law in Macedonia" and another "Learning EU Negotiations in Albania". Once again there would seem to be some sort of Yugoslavian connection.
Yugoslavia is an area of the world of particular interest to Catholics because of the events in Medjugorje. E. Michael Jones has indicated in his book on the apparition that it played a significant part in the Balkan war.
And then there is the O.T.O. in Yugoslavia. Peter Koenig reports:
Before the series of civil wars that ravaged the region, there were proportionally more 'Thelemites' per head of the population in Yugoslavia than in any other country (with the possible exception of the USA).
It may mean nothing at all, but it has always nagged at me that that bloody civil war took place at the same place where there was a concentration of Thelemites.
And now it appears that one of Javier Solana's organizations is also particularly interested in this war. Chaos magick? Fomented conflict? Somehow related to the formation of the European Union?
There is another curious coincidence. Gnostic bishop and member of the Ordo Templi Orientis T. Allen Greenfield tells us about Jacob Frank:
His appearance was destined to throw the entire Jewish world of Poland into intense agitation and despair.
As a merchant he traded in the Balkans, dealing in cloth and gems.
He studied under a Sabbatean teacher and became involved in the Zohar. ...
He was initiated into the mysteries settled in with a large group of Sabbateans in Salonika. He gave up on his trade for an ambitious new role as prophet.
Soon he was proclaiming himself to be the divine reincarnation of the soul of Shabbatai Tzvi. Frank began travelling to many towns, visiting Sabbatean cells, which quickly came under his influence. He gathered many adherents, proclaiming his messiahship. ...
His teaching was heavily about the acquisition of wealth and riches, even if by the most fraudulent means. In 1756 he and twenty of his followers were discovered conducting a heretical religious orgy behind locked doors. Opponents claimed that the Frankists were performing an indecent dance around a naked woman and kissing her. Later Frank claimed that he had purposely opened the windows to compel his believers to go public after decades of hiding. The police broke down the doors and arrested the disciples. Frank, mistaken for a Turkish foreigner, was expelled from the country. Frank and his disciples were excommunicated by rabbinical courts everywhere. The Frankists were denounced to the authorities and eventually Frank was again arrested. To gain his freedom, Frank agreed to convert to Islam.
But after this conversion, Frank persisted in making secret visits to Poland to confer with his disciples. He remained the leader of the majority of Sabbateans all over Galicia, the Ukraine, and Hungary. They were outwardly Jewish but secretly transgressed all the Torah prohibitions, especially those concerning fornication, adultery, and incest. His excommunications prompted a wave of persecution.
Frank and his followers appealed to the bishop of Poland for protection, by exaggerating their common beliefs with Christianity such as the Trinity and rejection of the Talmud. The Church saw it as an opportunity to convert thousands.
They began forcing anti-Jewish propaganda out of the Franks. To ease the persecution, the Frankists, issued a proclamation that they were "almost" Christians, though they did not fully embrace Christianity. They composed a declaration of faith that would satisfy the Church's demands. To sweeten the deal, they asked for a public debate against the rabbis. The bishop was quite willing to protect the Frankists from persecution in order to promote hatred for ordinary Jews. The public debate that followed was moderated (manipulated would be a better word) by the bishop, who was anything but impartial. It spawned public burnings of the Talmud. ...
...the church brought charges of heresy against him, which resulted in his imprisonment in 1760. Upon his release 13 years later, Frank assumed the role of messiah, and selected 12 apostles. He settled at Brünn, Austria (now Brno, Czech Republic) where he gained the patronage Maria Theresa, archduchess of Austria, who employed him as an apologist of Christianity to the Jews. After 1786 he moved to the small German town of Offenbach, where he spent the rest of his life in luxury, thanks to the donations of his followers. ...
Frank kept Sabbateanism alive and ended its tribalism, opening its adherents to the world outside Judaism. Sabbateanism become Frankism was one of the most important of the 18th century movements which freed man.
Lastly a website with a Serbian unity url speaks of the disagreements in Bosnia involving "Frankists":
Frankists and clericals (Franko-furtimists), for decades raised in the spirit of hatred towards the Serbs, supported by the Monarchy and goaded against them and the pro-Yugoslav Croats, were becoming more and more militant and brutal as years went by. The policy based upon the Croatian state right, with all its already mentioned consequences, particularly those which attended the Serbs, had begun gradually to harvest its first fruit. With numerous genocidal elements, this fruit was in fact preparation for the great showdown which was to happen during the 1941-1945 war.
There are a few things about all of this that seem to connect.
First...The disproportionate number of O.T.O. Lodges in Yugoslavia prior to the Bulkan war.
Second...A Gnostic bishop of the O.T.O. has chosen to describe Jacob Frank in his website.
Third...Frank can be located in Yugoslavia at one point in his career. He can be located in Austria at another point, placing him near the location of the Austrian School of Economics, I presume. Did he influence that school? Remember, we have members of the O.T.O. promoting libertarian ideology on the web today.
Fourth...Just as Acton Institute founder Fr. Robert Sirico seems to have changed his stripes several times, Frank dabbled in Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.
Fifth...Madariaga has been described as a man who is difficult to pin down as to what he believes. This sounds rather like the Sabbatean who outwardly belongs to the faith he joined because it was expedient, and inwardly adheres to a different faith.
Sixth...There is the claim that Frankist "freed man", a freedom that became the rallying cry of the Austrian School of Economics? Frank's teaching included the acquisition of wealth and riches.
Seventh...Sabbatai Zevi was exiled to Albania in the last years of his life. He died there.
Lots of questions...still no confirmed answers.